Chronicle of an eventful history
600 AD | Slavic settlement
The Slavs, who lived in patriarchic clans, form the largest ethnic group in Europe and settled at the Warnow river.
1160/1161 | Destruction of Roztoc castle
Built on the Western shore of the Warnow on sand and swamp, the castle served as protection for the important port and site of trade.
1218 | Rostock’s town charter
On 24 June 1218 Prince Heinrich Borwin I confirmed Rostock’s town privileges. This was the starting shot for the development of a large and advanced metropolis in the Baltics.
1323 | Acquisition of Warnemünde
For strategic reasons, the village of Warnemünde was acquired by the city of Rostock. Access to the Baltic Sea has always been crucial for trade.
Mid-13th century | Rostock joins the Hanseatic League
The privilege to trade herring and a monopoly position in trading with Norway helped the economy grow. Trade relations with other cities in the Baltic Rim as well as the North Sea flourished. In the mid-13th century, the merchants organised the powerful Hanseatic League to secure their interests and passages. Like Lübeck and other cities, Rostock played a leading role: up to 370 ships sailed under the municipal flag. Valuable merchandise: Rostock beer and fish products - success stories to this day!
1419 | Foundation of the University of Rostock
Over 100 degree courses are an exciting success story. Founded in 1419, the oldest university in the Baltic Sea region celebrates its 600th anniversary in 2019. True to its motto “Traditio et Innovatio” it continues to shape the life of the city. Take the Neo-Renaissance building at Uniplatz or the University’s impact as a cultural-economic think tank. Astronomer Tycho Brahe, former Federal President Joachim Gauck, writer Erich Kästner - they all studied here.
1472 | Astronomical Clock - In Tune with Time
Since 1472, the astronomical clock in St Mary’s church has impressed visitors with its beauty and unique clockwork. It is in fact the only one in the world that still functions in its original form. A masterpiece of Art and technology! On 1 January 2018, something exciting will happen: its constructors only foresaw the year 2017. So after 133 years, the famous Astronomical Clock will receive a new calendar sheet to include upcoming years. This „upgrade“ also marks the beginning of the celebrations for the great anniversary year.
1531 | Reformation in Rostock
Martin Luther’s new Theology was more accessible to the common people. It was declared binding in all the main parish churches. Leading reformer and pioneer was Rostock’s preacher Joachim Slüter.
1821 | Warnemünde becomes a seaside resort
After being used as a port and fishing stronghold, in 1821 Warnemünde started a new career as a seaside resort. After Mecklenburg‘s Duke Friedrich Franz I swore to the healing effects of the sea climate and sea water, it is no wonder that the demand for the revitalizing treatments increased enormously. The world-renown German “Strandkorb” beach chair provides comfortable and healthy seating while taking in the sea air. Thanks to the request of a lady taking treatments in Warnemünde, it later received an adjustable back.
1990 | Warnemünde becomes a cruise port
What began with three arriving cruise liners is now the largest German cruise port, welcoming around 190 cruises each year. Particularly impressive: multiple dockings.
2018 | The city´s 800th birthday
The anniversary year will be celebrated with the 38th International Hanseatic Day, the 13th Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Day, as well as many concerts, parties and special exhibitions.
2019 | The 600th anniversary of the foundation of the University
Rostock’s „Port of Sciences“ will hold various celebrations, including the exhibitions „Experiment: Future „ and „Intertwining History“, a summer party and the Academic Festival Week.