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Moored, Negotiated, Immortalised: The Hanseatic City of Rostock Turns 800
RostockÂ´s history began long before it grew strong enough to be granted municipal rights. Slavic tribes, active in the 7th century, named their settlement â€śRoztocâ€ť which means â€śRiver that widensâ€ť. A solid name that stood the test of time.
Traders and craftsmen later inhabited the area around St Peterâ€™s church.
On 24 June 1218, Rostockâ€™s town privileges (town charter of LĂĽbeck) were acknowledged. It soon became too crowded, and two more settlements were formed next to Old Town. Middle and New Town, which consolidated shortly afterwards. Rostock became one of the most important cities of the Hanseatic League - a medieval heyday! Evidence thereof is still visible today in the typical merchant houses.
A city lives on its biographies. Heinrich Schliemmann, who discovered Troy, received his doctorate from Rostock in absentia. The brilliant Albert Einstein. He became an honorary doctor in Rostock. Regional poet Fritz Reuter, who experienced his Period of Storm and Stress as a student in Rostock. Stephan Jantzen, the sea rescuer honoured by the King. Famed rapper Marteria, who his first rhymes here. Vicke Schorler from Rostock who between 1578 and 1586, immortalised his favourite city on drawing more than 18 metres wide.
Get to know some of the sights that still remain from Vicke-Schorlerâ€™s dayson the following pages, or better yet, on your holiday!
Chronicle of An Eventful History
600 AD: Slavic settlement
The Slavs, who lived in patriarchic clans, form the largest ethnic group in Europe and settled at the Warnow river.
1160 & 1161; Destruction of Roztoc castle
Built on the Western shore of the Warnow on sand and swamp, the fortress served as protection for the important port and and site of trade.
1218: Rostockâ€™s town charter
On 24 June 1218 Prince Heinrich Borwin I confirmed Rostockâ€™s town privileges This was the starting shot for the development of a large and advanced metropolis in the Baltics.
Mid-13th century: Rostock joins the Hanseatic League
The privilege to trade herring and a monopoly position in trading with Norway helped the economy grow. Trade relations with other cities in the Baltic Rim as well as the North Sea flourished. In the mid-13th century, the merchants organised the powerful Hanseatic League to secure their interests and passages. Like LĂĽbeck and other cities, Rostock played a leading role: up to 370 ships sailed under the municipal flag.
Valuable merchandise: Rostock beer and fish products - success stories to this day!
1323: Acquisition of WarnemĂĽnde
For strategic reasons, the village of WarnemĂĽnde was acquired by the city of Rostock. Access to the Baltic Sea has always been crucial for trade.
1419: Foundation of the University of Rostock
Over 100 degree courses are an exciting success story. Founded in 1419, the oldest university in the Baltic Sea region celebrates its 600th anniversary in 2019. Tru to its motto â€śTraditio et Innovatioâ€ť it continues toshape the life of the city. Take the Neo-Renaissance building at Uniplatz or the Universityâ€™s impact as a cultural-economic think tank. Writer Erich KĂ¤stner, Troyâ€™s discoverer Heinrich Schliemann, former Federal President Joachim Gauck, astronomer Tycho Brahe - they all studied here.
1472: Astronomical Clock - In Tune with Time
Since 1472, the astronomical clock in St. Maryâ€™s church has impressed visitors with its beauty and unique clockwork. It is in fact the only one in the world that still functions in its original form. A masterpiece of Art and technology! On 1 January 2018, something exciting will happen: its constructors only forsaw the year 2017. So after 133 years, the famous Astronomical Clock will receive a new calendar sheet to include upcoming years. This "upgrade" also marks the beginning of the celebrations for the great anniversary year.
1531: Reformation in Rostock
Martin Lutherâ€™s new Theology that was more accessible to the common people, was declared binding in all the main parish churches. Leading reformer and pioneer was Rostockâ€™s preacher Joachim SlĂĽter.
1821: WarnemĂĽnde becomes a seaside resort
After being used as a port and fishing stronghold, in 1821 WarnemĂĽnde started a new career as abeach resort.. After Mecklenburg's Duke Friedrich Franz I swore to the healing effects of the sea climate and sea water, it is no wonder that the demand for the revitalizing treatments increased enormously.
Thanks to the request of a young lady taking taking treatments in WarnemĂĽnde, the â€śStrandkorbâ€ť beach chair was invented in 1882. It provides comfortable and healthy seating while taking in the sea air and now enjoys a world-wide reputation.
1990: WarnemĂĽnde becomes a cruise port
What began with three arriving cruise liners is now the largest German cruise port, welcoming around 190 cruises each year. Particularly impressive: multiple dockings.
2018: The cityÂ´s 800th birthday
The anniversary year will be celebrated with the 38th International Hanseatic Day, the 13th Day of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, as well as many concerts, parties and special exhibitions.
2019: The 600th anniversary of the foundation of the University:
Rostockâ€™s "Port of Sciences" will hold various celebrations, including the exhibitions "Experiment: Future " and "Intertwining History", a summer party and the Academic Festival Week.